Free movement of Goods: Protection of the health and life of humans, animals and plants. p410
42/82 Commission v France (Italian Table Wine) 1983 ECR 1013 .
Intro: Commission Regulation 1153/75 requires all commercial movement of wine within the EEC to be accompanied by a ‘wine passport’ (form VA 1). Wine imported from one member-State into another may, therefore, lawfully be checked at the frontier to ensure that it is in fact accompanied by a VA 1 form, properly completed and issued by the authorities of the exporting member-State. The import of wine may lawfully be the subject of health inspections under Article 36EEC. In the absence of any reasonable suspicion on the basis of specific evidence in a given case, such inspections, if they take the form of analysis, should however be spot checks and not systematically applied to all or most of the total imports from a particular member-State.
Case: Between April 1980 and July 1981 the French authorities directed a number of communications to the Italian authorities with regard to certain irregularities or infringements which they had discovered in respect of transports of Italian wine. Thus there were two cases in which wine arrived in France in the tanks of ships in a polluted condition, in the one case through hydrocarbons and in the other case through paraffin. In the former case the pollution was caused by the fact that conversion work on a former oil tanker had not been carried out properly. In the latter case an Italian company was suspected of having transported in road tankers alternately wine and additives for lubricating motor vehicles. Furthermore, the communications in question related in particular to irregularities discovered in the VA 1 forms accompanying two consignments of wine and to a request for information on the steps taken in Italy with regard to the filtering of wine involving the use of asbestos. For more information, visit Notary public London Continue reading “Internal EU Law (Pre Brexit)”